A multifunctional tool for single-cell biology, tissue engineering, nanopatterning and nanolithography
A new tool for automated nanomechanical tissue diagnostics and soft material analysis
Your versatile research AFM for materials and life science
Mountable AFM for industry
AFM for optical microscopes and 3D profilometers
AFM for SEM
Have you ever wanted to get fast 3D information in SEM?
An affordable all-in-one AFM for nano education and small samples
An easy entry into the world of atoms
Everything to complement your Nanosurf SPM system
Systems tailored to your needs
Your entry into the exciting world of nanoscale science and surface technology
Nanosurf offers worldwide distribution and support!
AN00835 - High resolution imaging of the cytoplasmic side of bacteriorhodopsin
Bacteriorhodopsin (BR) is a trimeric integral membrane protein found in the cell membrane of halobacteria. It acts as a proton pump that captures light energy and uses this to move protons across the membrane. The thus created proton (or pH) gradient is subsequently used to generate ATP, the chemical energy source of many processes inside a cell.
Bacteriorhodopsin is often found in 2-dimensional crystalline patches known as "purple membrane", which were studied here.